AAN-Asian Arsenic Network. (1998). On line. Arsenic
contamination in groundwater in Bangladesh. http: //www. kfunigraz. ac. at/
fwiwww/ aan/ newlet. html
ACIC (1998). West Bengal and Bangladesh arsenic crisis
information centre. On line. http:// wso. net/ wei/dch/ acic/ index. html.
Agarwal, A. and Gibson, C.C., 1999. Enchantment and
disenchantment: the role of community in natural resource conservation. World
Development, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 629-649.
Agarwal, A., 1994. ‘I don’t need it, but you can have
it: politics on the commons’ in Pastoral Development Network, Network
Paper 36a. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Ait-Kadi, M., Shady, A., and Szollosi-Nagy, A. (edt), 1997.
Water, the world’s common heritage. Proceeding of the First World Frum.
Marrakesh, Morocco, Elsevier Science.
Allison_MA., 1998. Geologic framework and environmental
status of the Ganges- Brahmaputra delta. Journal of Coastal Research.
Vol.14, No.3, pp. 826-836
Anon. 1977. Aqua, United Nations Water Conference
Anonymous, 1997. Bangladesh arsenic news letter,
Vol. 1, No. 1, July-September. Bangladesh Center for Advanced Studies, Dhaka,
Anwar, J., 2000. Arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh, End of
a civilisation? Palash Media and Publishers, Bangladesh.
Applied Biosciences, 1998. Bioremediation
Processes for Arsenic-contaminated Waters and Soils. [no longer online]
Arnold, J.E.M., 1990. Social forestry and communal
management in India. Social Forestry Network Paper, vol. 11b, Overseas
Development Institute, London.
Arsenic (1996). On line. Information about Arsenic. http://
phys4.harvard.edu/~ wilson /arsenic_frames.html
Asia Arsenic Network, 1999. Arsenic Contamination of
Groundwater in Bangladesh - interim report of the research at Samta
Astolfi, E., Maccagno, A., Fernandez, J.C.G., Vaccara, R.
and Stimola, R. (1981). Relation Between Arsenic in Drinking Water and Skin
Cancer. Biological Trace Element Research. Vol. 3, pp.133-143.
Aston, S.R., Thornton, I. and Webb, J.S., 1975. Arsenic in
stream sediments and water of Southwest England. Sci. Total Environ.
Vol. 4, pp. 347-58.
Auden, J.B., 1949. Geological discussion of the Satpura
Hypotheses and Garo-Rajmahal gap. Proceeding, National Institute of Science
India, Vol. 15, pp. 315-340.
Bagla P., Kaiser J., 1996. India’s Spreading Health
Crisis Draws Global Arsenic Experts. Science. Vol. 274, pp. 174-175.
Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS), 1997
(July-September). Arsenic and its present calamity in Bangladesh. Bangladesh
Environmental Newsletter (BEN). Vol. 8, No. 3.
Bangladesh Country Report, 1994. On line. Climate Alert
http:// www. climate.org / Climat_ Alert /articles /7.4/Bangladesh.html
BGS-British Geological Survey, 1998. On line. Groundwater
studies for arsenic contamination in Bangladesh. http:// phys4. harvard. edu/~
wilson/ arsenic _ frames.html
Bhattacharya, P., Chatterjee, D. & Jacks, G., 1996.
Options to Safeguard Groundwater from Arseniferous Aquifers in West Bengal,
India. In: Pickford, J. et al., Reaching the Unreached-Challenges for the
21st Century, Proceedings of the 22nd WEDC Conference, New Delhi,
India, pp. 258-261.
Borgono J.M. and Greiber R., 1971. Epidemiological study of
arsenicism in the city of Antofagasta. Trace Substances in Environmental
Health. Vol. 5, pp.13-24.
Borgono, J.M., and Grieber, R., 1972. Epidemiological study
of arsenicism in the city of Antofagasta. Proceedings of the University of
Missouri’s fifth annual conference on trace substances in environmental
BRAC, Chowdhury, A.M.R., Jakariya, M. et al., 2000. Community-based
arsenic mitigation programme, final report. BRAC report, Dhaka.
BRAC, Jakariya, M. and Chowdhury, A.M.R., 1999. Monitoring
report on arsenic activities at Hajiganj Upazilla. BRAC report, Dhaka.
BRAC, Jakariya, M. et al., 1999. Interim report:
Community-based arsenic mitigation programme: successes and constraints.
June-October 1999, BRAC report, Dhaka.
BRAC. Hadi, A. 2000. Awareness and choice of options of
arsenic-free drinking water. BRAC report, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
BRAC, Nickson et al., 1999. Effectiveness of field
methods for detecting Arsenic between 0 and 100 ppb in Bangladesh Groundwater.
Field Report, November 1999, BRAC project report, Dhaka.
Brewster D., 1992. Removing Arsenic from Contaminated
Wastewater. Water Treatment Technology, November, pp. 54 - 57.
Carceres, l., Gruttner, E. and Contreras, R., 1992. Water
recycling in arid regions: Chilean case. Ambio, No. 21, pp. 138-44.
Chakraborti D. (1996). On line. Arsenic: cause, effect
and remedy in Bangladesh and West Bengal- India. School of Environmental
Studies Jadavpur University, Calcutta, India. http:// www. geocities. com/
Chakraborty A., Banerjee D., Ghoshal S., Barman P. (1987).
Arsenical dermatitis from tube well water in West Bengal. Indian Journal of
Medical Research. Vol. 85, pp. 326-334.
Chambers, R. 1994. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA):
challenges, potentials and paradigm. World Development, Vol. 22, No.
10, pp 1437-1454.
Chen C. (1998). On line. Taiwan-China symposium on arsenic.
http:// www. kfunigraz. ac.at/fwiwww/aan/newsl1/info.html
Chile (1998). On line. Chronic arsenic poisoning in a
valley of northern Chile http:// phys4. harvard.edu/~wilson/arsenic_frames.html
Chowdhury, A.M.R. and Jakariya, M. 1999. Testing of water
for arsenic in Bangladesh. Science, Vol. 284.
Chowdhury, A.M.R., et al., 1997. “Control of tuberculosis
by community health workers in Bangladesh”, The Lancet, Vol. 353.,
Chuhan, S.K. 1983. Who puts water in the taps? Community
participation in the Third World drinking water, sanitation and health.
Clark, T. N., 1973. Community power and policy outputs.
Beverly Hills, London.
Cochran, W.G., 1990. Sampling Techniques. Wiley Eastern
Limited, New Delhi.
Cohen, J.M., and Uphoff, N.T., 1980. Participation’s
place in rural development: Seeking clarity through specificity. World
Development, Vol. 8, pp.213-235.
Cottam, H., 1997. A concrete approach to poverty?
Rethinking approaches to urban poverty and infrastructure: A Zambian case
study. IDS Bulletin, Vol. 28(2).
CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, 1999. On line. Australian bid to combat arsenic threat. http://phys4.havard.edu/wilson/arsenic_frames.html
Dahi, E., 1997. The world-wide arsenic problem. Paper
presented at the training course on: Arsenic problem and de-arsination of
water for use in Bangladesh. Organised by International Training Network (ITN),
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Bangladesh.
Daily Star. 1998. On line. Archives of Arsenic articles.
http:// bicn. com/ acic/ infobank / dlystr. Htm
Dainichi Consultants I. 1998. On line. Arsenic Calamity of
Bangladesh. http: // www.dainichi-consul.co.jp/english/arsen.htm
Das, D., Samanta, G., Mandal, B.K., 1996. Arsenic in
groundwater in six districts of West Bengal, India. Environmental
Geo-Chemistry and Health, Vol. 18(1).
Del Razo, L.M.J., et al., 1994. Urinary excretion of
arsenic species in a human population chronically exposed to arsenic via
drinking water, a pilot study: In Arsenic Exposure and Health (ed.) W.R.
Chappell, C.O. Abernathy and C.R. Cthern, Science and Technology Letters,
Department of Environment (DoE), 1991. Environmental
Water Quality Standards for Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Department of Environment (DoE), 1991. Environmental
Water Quality Standards for Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Dhaka Community Hospital (DCH) Trust, 1997. Arsenic
pollution in groundwater of Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
DPHE (Department of Public Health Engineering) and UNICEF,
1988-93. Water Supply and Sanitation Project Implementation Guideline and
Specification for the Rural Areas of the Coastal Region.
DPHE/ BGS (British Geological Survey)/ DFID (Department of
International Development), 2000. Groundwater Studies of Arsenic
Contamination in Bangladesh, Final Report, Dhaka.
Durning, A.B., 1989. Poverty and the environment: reversing
and downward spiral. Worldwatch Paper, No. 92. Worldwatch Institute,
EPA-Environmental Protection Agency, 1997. On line. Arsenic
in Drinking Water. http:// phys4 .harvard.edu/~wilson/arsenic_frames.html
Finterbusch, K. and Van, Wicklin.W.A., 1987. The
contribution of beneficiary participation to development project
effectiveness. Public Administration and Development, Vol. 7, pp. 1-23.
Fontaine, J.A., 1994. Regulating arsenic in Nevada drinking
water supplies past problems, future challenges. In Arsenic Exposure and
Health (ed.) W.R. Chappell, C.O. Abernathy and C.R. Cthern, Science and
Technology Letters, Northwood.
Fordyce, M.F., Williams, T.M., Paijitpapapon, A. And
Charoenchaisei, P., 1995. Hydro-geochemistry of arsenic in an area of
chronic mining related arsenium ron phibun district. British Geological
Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB) and United States
Geological Survey (USGS), 1990. Geological Map of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Ghai, D., (ed.), 1994. Development and environment:
sustaining people and nature, (special issue). Development and Change,
Ghai, D., and Vivian, J., (eds.), 1992. Grassroots environmental action: people’s participation in sustainable development.
Routledge for UNRISD, London.
Goriar R, Chakraborty K., Pyne R. 1984. Chronic Arsenic
Poisoning from Tube Well Water. Journal of the Indian Medical Association.
Harvard (1998). On line. Harvard University arsenic
project. http:// phys4. harvard. edu /~ wilson / arsenic_frames. html
Hiscock, K., 1994. Groundwater pollution and protection. In
O’Riordan, T., (Ed.), Environmental science for environmental management.
Longman, London, pp. 246-262.
Holling, C., 1993. ‘Investing in research for
sustainability’. Ecological Applications, Vol. 3.
Hsu, K.H., Froines, J.R. and Chen, C.J., 1997. Studies of
arsenic ingestion from drinking water in northern Taiwan: chemical speciation
and urinary metabolities. In C.O. Abernathy, R.L. Calderon, and W. R. Chappel
(ed.). Arsenic: Exposure and Health Effects. pp.190-209.
IHP (International Hydrological Programme), 1991. Integrated
land use planning and groundwater protection in rural areas. IHP technical
documents in hydrology, Paris.
Independent, February, 27, 2000. The daily English
newspaper of Bangladesh.
IUCN/WWF/UNEP, 1991. Caring for the earth: a strategy
for sustainable living. IUCN, WWF, and UNEP, Gland, Switzerland.
Jaglin, S., 1994. Why mobilise town dwellers? - Joint
management in Ongadougou (1983-1990). Environment and Urbanization,
Vol. 6, pp. 111-132.
Jones, J.A.A., 1997. Global hydrology: processes,
resources and environmental management. Longman, London.
Khalequzzaman M. 1999. “Looking to heavens for safe water”.
The Daily Star. 24 September 1999.
Khan, A.W. 1997. “Arsenic contamination of groundwater in
Bangladesh- cause, effect and remedy”. Paper presented at the training
course on : Arsenic problem and de-arsination of water for use in
Bangladesh. Organised by ITN, Bangladesh University of Engineering and
Technology (BUET), Bangladesh.
Khan, A.W. and Ahmad, SK.A. 1997. Arsenic in drinking
water: Health effects and management. A training manual. Department of
Occupational and Public Health. National Institute of Preventive and Social
Medicine (NIPSOM). Dhaka.
Krenkel, P.A., and Novotry, V., 1980. Water Quality
Management. Academic Press, INC, New York.
Leach, M., Mearns, R., and Scoones, I., 1997. A framework
for understanding the institutional dynamics of environmental change. IDS
Discussion Paper, No. 359.
Leach, M., Mearns, R., and Scoones, I., 1997. Challenges to
community-based sustainable development: dynamics, entitlements, and
institutions. IDS Bulletin, No. 28.
Merck Index. 1968. An encyclopaedia of chemicals and
drugs. 8th edition Merck and Co., Inc., Rahway, N.J.
Miah M., 1999. On line. The arsenic disaster in Bangladesh:
causes and remedies. International Conference Arsenic in Bangladesh Ground
Water, USA. in ACIC at http: // bicn.com/acic/sub1.htm#on-line
MAFF- Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 1982.
Survey of arsenic in food. Food Surveillance. Paper No. 8, HMSO,
Mok, W.M. and Wai, C.M., 1994. Mobilization of arsenic in
contaminated river waters: in Riagu, J.O. (ed.) Arsenic in the environment,
Part1: Cycling and Characterisation, pp 99-117.
Moser, CON, 1989. Community participation in urban projects
in the Third World. Progress in Planning, Vol. 32 (2).
Mosse, D., 1994. Authority, gender and knowledge:
theoretical reflections on the practice of participatory rural appraisal. Development
and Change, Vol. 25.
Muller, J., 1994. Community development and decision
making. Urban Forum, Vol. 5, No.1. UK.
Narayan, D., 1995. The contribution of people’s
participation: Evidence from 121 rural water supply projects.
Environmentally sustainable development occasional papers, No. 1, The World
Bank, Washington DC.
Nelson, N. and Wright, S. (ed.), 1995. Power and
participatory development: Theory and practice. Intermediate Technology
Publications, United Kingdom.
Nickson R., McArthur J., Burgess W., 1998. Arsenic
Poisoning of Bangladesh Groundwater. Nature. Vol. 395, pp. 338
Nie, S., Cao, S., and Shen, E., 1997. The status of arsenic
poisoning in China. In C.O. Abernathy, R.L. Calderon, and W. R. Chappel (ed.).
Arsenic: Exposure and Health Effects. Pp.78-83.
Oakley, P., 1991. Projects with people: the practice of
participation in rural development. International Labor Office, Geneva.
Ongley, E.D., 1999. Water Quality: an Emerging Global
Crisis. In: Trudgill, S.T., Walling, D.E. and Webb, B.W. (ed.), 1999. Water
Quality: Processes and Policy. London.
Paul, N.K., 1998. Arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh. The
Daily Janakantha. 23 January, 1998.
Paul, S., 1987. Community participation in development
projects - the World Bank experience. World Bank Discussion Paper, No.
6. World Bank, Washington DC.
Prosun B., Andre S. and Gunnar J., 1998. Groundwater
arsenic in Bengal Delta plains - testing of hypotheses. Division of Land
and Water Resources, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Rashid, H., 1977. The Geography of Bangladesh. University Press Limited, Dhaka.
Rasul, S.B. et al., 1999. Scientific appraisal of a
simple arsenic removal method for groundwater of Bangladesh. Unpublished
Robins, N.S., 1990. Hydrology of Scotland. HMSO,
Robinson, M., 1995. Towards a new paradigm of community
development. Community Development Journal, Vol. 30(1).
Se, D., and Das, P.K., 1987. The management of people’s
participation in community forestry: Some issues. ODI Social Forestry
The Guardian. (1998). On line. Arsenic in Water. http://
online. guardian.co. uk/ science/ archive/ 887805655-arsenic.html
Toole, K. A., 1999. Community participation in provision
of water supply and sanitation in low-income urban areas: a case study in
South Africa. Unpublished thesis. Department of Geography, University of
Trudgill, S.T., 1990. Barriers to a better environment: what stops us
solving environmental problems?
Tradgill, S.T., Walling, D.E., and Webb, B.W. (Ed.), 1999. Water
Quality: Process and policy. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., England.
Train, R.E., 1979. Quality criteria for water.
Castle House Publication Ltd. London
Trelles, R.A., et al., 1970. El problemasanitario de la
aquas destinadas a la bebida humana, con contenidos elevados de arsenico,
vanadio, y flour. Saneamiento, Vol. 34 (217:31-80).
UNICEF, 1999. Arsenic mitigation in Bangladesh: media
brief. UNICEF, Bangladesh.
UNICEF, 1999. On line. Arsenic Mitigation in Bangladesh.
http:// www. unicef. org/ arsenic/
Vira, Bhaskar. 1997. Deconstructing participatory forest
management: Towards a tenable typology. OCEES Research Paper No. 11.
WaterAid Bangladesh, Jones, E. and Uddin, N., 2000. Preliminary
research report on household level arsenic removal methodologies: Passive
Sedimentation, Bucket Treatment Unit and Safi Filter. March 2000, Dhaka.
White, A.U., 1983. Obstacles to full community
participation in water supply programmes. Community Development Journal,
Vol. 18(2), pp. 182-186.
WHO, 1982. International Drinking Water Supply and
Sanitation Decade Plans: eight questions they answer. World Health Organization, Geneva.
WHO, 1984. Guidelines for drinking water quality.
WHO, 1993. Guidelines for drinking water quality.
World Bank, 1996. World Bank participatory sourcebook on http://worldbank.org/html/edi/sourcebook/sbhome.htm.
World Bank, 1999. On line. Arsenic contamination in
Bangladesh: The World Bank Bangladesh http:// www. worldbank.org/ cgi-bin/
Wratten, E., 1995. Conceptualising urban poverty. Environment
and Urbanization, Vol. 7 (1), pp. 11-36.