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The use of alternative safe water options to mitigate the arsenic problem in Bangladesh: a community perspective

Md. JakariyaM.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Aug 2000

APPENDIX 2

TABLE 1: Socio-demographic and other characteristics compared in two Study villages

Age

No. of Respondents

Main Problem of the area

No. of Respondents

 

V

K

 

V

K

10-20

2 (4)

10 (18)

Arsenic

30 (59)

45 (80)

20-30

13 (25)

13 (23)

Sanitation

5 (10)

4 (7)

30-40

18 (35)

15 (27)

Financial Problem

10 (20)

7 (13)

40-50

13 (26)

9 (16)

Jobless

6 (11)

-

50+

5 (10)

9 (16)

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

Drinking Water: Present Source

No. of Respondents

       

V

K

Education

No. of Respondents

RWH

2 (4)

3 (5)

 

V

K

Red Tube well

39 (76)

8 (14)

Illiterate

9 (18)

18 (32)

Green Tube well

5 (10)

9 (16)

Literate

42 (82)

38 (68)

Deep Tube well

-

31 (56)

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

3-Pitchers

3 (6)

5 (9)

Main Occupation

No. of Respondents

RWH + Red Tube well

2 (4)

-

 

V

K

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

Business

42 (82)

7 (12)

Cooking water: Present source

No. of Respondents

       

V

K

Agriculture

-

39 (70)

RWH

2 (4)

3 (5)

Van Puller

-

2 (4)

Pond water

37 (7)

33 (59)

Service

7 (14)

-

Red Tube well

9 (18)

6 (11)

Student

2 (4)

8 (14)

Green Tube well

3 (6)

3 (5)

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

Deep Tube well

-

5 (9)

Monthly Expenditure (Tk)

No. of Respondents

3-Pitcher

-

4 (7)

 

V

K

Not Tested Tube well

-

2 (4)

Up to 1500

2 (4)

6 (11)

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

1001-3000

8 (16)

23 (41)

Radio/TV Ownership

No. of Respondents

       

V

K

3001-5000

30 (59)

24 (43)

Radio

Yes

43 (84)

21 (38)

       

No

8 (16)

35 (62)

     

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

5001+

11 (21)

3 (5)

Television

Yes

40 (78)

14 (25)

       

No

11 (22)

42 (75)

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

TABLE 2: Arsenic related information compared in the two study villages

Arsenic Test Results

No. of Respondents

Expectation to solve the problem

No. of Respondents

 

V

K

 

V

K

Arsenic tested

51 (100)

56 (100)

Government

6 (12)

30 (54)

Not tested

-

-

NGO

27 (53)

16 (28)

Arsenic-contaminated

49 (96)

51 (91)

Govt.+NGO

12 (24)

10 (18)

Not contaminated

2 (4)

5 (9)

Donít Know

6 (12)

-

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

Using for drinking & cooking

No. of Respondents

Willingness to pay for options

No. of Respondents

 

V

K

 

V

K

Still using

41 (80)

8 (14)

Want to Pay

37 (73)

16 (29)

Not using

10 (20)

48 (86)

Donít want to pay

10 (19)

36 (64)

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

Alternative options available

4 (8)

4 (7)

     

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

Arsenic patients

No. of Respondents

Alternative options Needed

No. of Respondents

 

V

K

 

V

K

Arsenic patient

-

15 (27)

Yes

44 (86)

54 (96)

No patient

51 (100)

41 (73)

No

4 (8)

2 (4)

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

No idea

3 (6)

-

Arsenic is a Contagious & hereditary disease

No. of Respondents

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

 

V

K

     

Yes

11 (22)

2 (4)

Source of Information about arsenic

No. of Respondents (multiple answer)

       

V

K

No

40 (78)

54 (96)

Radio

1

35

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

Television

39

33

Knowledge about safe water options

No. of Respondents

NGO

49

54

 

V

K

Government

0

8

Know about the options

44 (86)

56 (100)

Teacher

0

24

Donít know

7 (14)

-

     

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

     

Arsenic in tube well water is problem

No. of Respondents

     
 

V

K

     

Yes

46 (90)

54 (96)

     

No

5 (10)

2 (4)

     

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

     

Table 3: Summary of the household survey

Mean age of the respondents

No. of respondents

Vhagolpur

30

Kamarpara

35

Educational status

B

K

Literate

42 (82)

38 (68)

Illiterate

9 (18)

18 (32)

Occupation

B

K

Business Agriculture

42 (82) -

7 (12) 39 (70)

Number of tube wells

B

K

Arsenic-contaminated

47

51

Not contaminated

4

5

Monthly expenditure

B

K

Average expenditure (TAKA)

5000

3000

Still drinking from contaminated wells

B

K

Drinking from contaminated wells

41 (80)

8 (14)

Arsenic patient

B

K

No. of patient

-

15

Safe options are needed

B

K

Yes

44 (86)

54 (96)

No

4 (8)

2 (4)

No idea

3 (6)

-

Willingness to pay for options

No. of Respondents

 

V

K

Want to Pay

37 (73)

16 (29)

Donít want to pay

10 (19)

36 (64)

Alternative options available

4 (8)

4 (7)

TOTAL

51 (100)

56 (100)

Radio/TV Ownership

No. of Respondents

 

V

K

Radio

Yes

21 (38)

43 (84)

 
 

No

35 (62)

8 (16)

 

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

Television

Yes

14 (25)

40 (78)

 
 

No

42 (75)

11 (22)

 

Total

51 (100)

56 (100)

The number within parentheses indicate percentage

 

 

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