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CHAPTER 4: DESCRIPTION OF EXISTING ENVIRONMENTThe Regional Plan provides a brief interpretive description of the region in Chapter 3 (pp. 11-32), which '. . . presents what is developmentally most important to understand within the region.' Subsequent chapters present discussions of driving forces (Chapter 4, pp. 33-46); regional issues (Chapter 5, pp. 47-54); and the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats in the region's water system and in its development system (Chapter 6, pp. 55-76).
Additional regional-level details on many topics are provided in the various Specialist Studies. These are cited below. These citations refer to draft final versions of these studies.
Project-scale information is provided in the FCD and other project pre-feasibility studies. Each FCD study includes chapters describing the biophysical setting (usually Chapter 2), and settlement, development, and resource management (usually Chapter 3).
4.1 NATURAL PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
4.1.1 Atmospheric Environment and ClimateFor information on climate and rainfall, see Surface Water Resources of the Northeast Region, Section 2.2, Climate, and Chapter 3, Rainfall.
4.1.2 Water ResourcesFor information on regional hydrology and each river system, see Surface Water Resources of the Northeast Region, Chapter 2, Hydrological Overview; Chapters 4 through 9, for a description of the river systems; and Chapter 10, Flood Frequency Analysis.
For information on open water bodies and ponds, see Fisheries Specialist Study, Section 2.1, Fisheries Environments.
For information on river morphology, see River Sedimentation and Morphology Specialist Study, Chapters 5 through 7.
For information on ground water resources, see Ground Water Resources of the Northeast Region, see Chapter 2, Preceding Studies and Data Sources, and Chapter 3, Ground Water Potential and Availability for Future Development.
For information on water quality, see Fisheries Specialist Study, Section 3.2, Water Pollution; and the NEMREP pre-feasibility study, Section 2.2.5, Regional Surface Water Quality, and Chapter 6, section on surface water quality management.
4.1.3 Land ResourcesFor a detailed description of agro-ecological zones and land use, see Agriculture Specialist Study, Chapter 2, Agro-ecological Zones, and Chapter 3, Land Use.
For information on watershed processes, geomorphology and landforms, and sediment problems, see River Sedimentation and Morphology Specialist Study, Chapters 2, 3 and 4 of these names.
4.2 NATURAL BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT
4.2.1 Wetland and Upland Biological SystemsFor information on wetland biodiversity (species, habitats, ecosystems), wetland values, and key wetland sites, see the Wetland Specialist Study. The final version will be renamed Wetland and Upland Biodiversity Specialist Study, and information on upland biological systems added.
4.2.2 Openwater FisheryFor details on openwater fishery biodiversity and key fisheries sites, see Fisheries Specialist Study, Section 2.2, Fish Biodiversity, (pp. 25-33).
4.3 SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
4.3.1 Economic DevelopmentFor a description of regional agricultural development, see Agriculture Specialist Study, Chapter 4, Present Production System.
For a description of openwater and aquaculture fisheries production, see Fisheries Specialists Study, Section 2.5, Fish Production Trends; Section 2.6, Post-harvest Sector.
For a description of water transport systems, see Water Transport Study.
For an overview of existing FCD and irrigation development and descriptions of each project, see Regional Water Resources Development Status.
4.3.2 Social Development and Quality of LifeFor information on demography, quality of life indicators, and human resources development, see Population Characteristics and the State of Human Development.
For information on urban centres, manufacturing, and urbanization, see Study on Urbanization.
For information on the role of NGOs, see Participatory Development and the Role of NGOs.
For information on local initiatives and people's participation in the management of water resources, see the study of this title.
For information on village social anthropology case studies, see The People of Phulpur, The People of Kaliagota Haor, and The People of Shanir Haor.
For information on local people's dependence on natural wetland products and services, and on institutions with roles in wetland management and exploitation, see Wetland Resources Study, Section 3.3.4, Plant Utilization, and Section 3.5.5, Wildlife Utilization. Additional information from village case studies at six sites in three key wetland sites will be added to the final version of this study.
For information on fishing employment, income, and welfare, and fisheries institutions, policy, and projects, see Fisheries Specialist Study, Sections 2.7 and 2.8, titled accordingly.
4.4 PEOPLE'S PERCEPTIONSPeople's perceptions of the existing environment are documented in most of the studies cited above. Additional information is presented in the proceedings of the seven NERP district seminars and the NERP Haor Fisheries Seminar. Some of this information is summarized in Chapter 5 below.
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